As a small business owner, regular cash flow is a major factor that defines the health of your business. In order to maintain a steady cash flow to meet regular business challenges, small business owners like yourself often need to borrow money. While there are a lot of options available in the market, it is important to understand which is the right one for your business. In this page, we have tried to explain in simple terms the various loan options available to small business owners and how you can approach the right lender to secure your loan.
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All about Small Business Loans
A definitive guide to small business loans – understand the different types of loan, compare them and choose the right one for your business in 2020.
What is a small business loan?
A small business loan, as the name suggests is a loan that is available to small businesses that are looking for funds to manage and grow their business. The loan is available for a predefined time and the repayment of the loan amount and interest is done in a systematic repayment method (weekly, fortnightly or monthly) till the amount is fully paid up.
The loan can be secured or unsecured, based on whether the loan is given against a collateral or security (secured) or based on the health and wealth of your business (unsecured).
|Secured Loans||Unsecured Loans|
|Definition||Secured business loans are given to small businesses against security, (usually a property, vehicle or another asset) which can be used to recover the loan amount in case of a default. The value of the secured asset is usually higher than the loan amount provided to reduce the risk for the lender.||Unsecured business loans are loans that are provided to small business owners based on their turnover, credit history, and purpose. No collateral or security is taken against an unsecured loan and the amount provided by the lender is usually up to 100% of the average monthly turnover of the business. The risk is usually higher for the lender in case of unsecured business loans.|
What is the best loan for my small business?
Every business is unique and so are the business challenges. Hence, there is no one loan that fits best for any business or category. The best way to approach a small business loan is to take a structured approach by answering some of these questions below.
1. What can I use the business loans for?
A strong action plan: The primary question one must ask is, why do I need this loan? List the outcomes you intend to achieve with the loan, be it for buying new equipment, hiring more staff, inventory or simply working capital. Once you have a good reason and an action plan, you will have better clarity on how to utilise the funds.
2. How to choose the right lender for my business loan?
Identify lenders who cater to businesses like yours: There are a lot of lenders in the market and each of them have specific criteria on who they can fund, how much they can fund, documentation required and interest rates. Since businesses are different, lenders also have preferences on the type of businesses they cater to. Hence, it is important to identify the right lender for your business loan.
3. How can I repay the business loan?
Repayment Plan: Since you are applying for a loan, the lender must be convinced that you have adequate continuous business to ensure repayment of the loan. So, build a robust repayment plan that showcases your monthly income, overheads and loan repayment to convince the lender that your business is in good health. Your credit score will also play an important part here. If you don’t have a healthy score, you might not qualify for a loan or end up paying a higher interest rate. Use our Loan Calculator to check your approximate repayment amounts.
Also Read our blog on 7 effective steps to manage your small business loan repayments.
4. What documents should I submit to secure a loan?
Documentation: This is a critical (and often underestimated) part of the process that is vital to your loan’s approval. As mentioned above, every lender has a different criteria with respect to the loan they provide, and hence it is important that you are aware of and prepared to submit the necessary documents to ensure success of your application. This could include your business and personal tax returns, financial statements, bank statements and other legal documents related to your business.
Besides this, the basic minimum criteria for a small business to secure a loan is outlined below.
- Active ABN with minimum 6 months in business
- Minimum turnover of $5000 per month
- Fair credit history
Once you have answered these questions satisfactorily, you can proceed to secure a small business loan.
The top small business loans in Australia - 2020
Compare the various types of small business loans in Australia and choose the one that suits your business needs.
If you are a small business owner, today you have a host of options when it comes to business loans. But more options create more confusion. How does one choose the right loan to meet a business need? In this section, we have listed out the various options that are available to you as a business owner so that you can identify the one that suits your requirements best.
Unsecured Business Loans
An unsecured business loan is one, which does not require the borrower to pledge an asset or collateral against the debt. This is also one of the most popular type of business loan that is available to small businesses.
An unsecured business loan is provided purely on the basis of performance of the business over a period of time. This requires the borrower to show a consistently good credit rating, an excellent financial track record and adequate cash flow forecast. Since the bank or lender takes a higher risk in providing these business loans, the interest rate associated with these loans are also often higher.
Unsecured small business loans are offered for shorter periods ranging from 3 months to about 3 years and the loan amount varies from AUD $5000 to more than $500,000 depending upon the turnover of the business. Usually, lenders fund up to a maximum of 100% of the monthly revenue of the business.
What can I use an unsecured business loan for?
Since unsecured business loans are available for smaller amounts and shorter durations, most small businesses use them for their regular cash flow or working capital requirements. These could be for purchasing stock, buying a new equipment, hiring staff or even marketing.
Advantages and disadvantages of unsecured business loans
|No risk to personal assets or property||Higher Interest Rates|
|Funds available in quick time||Shorter loan tenures|
|Flexible repayment options||Amount based on monthly turnover|
Secured Business Loans
When businesses seek a loan pledging their property or any other assessable asset as security, it is referred to as Secured Business Loan. The assets you pledge to seek loans are often called collateral or security. You can use your residential property, commercial property, vehicles or machinery as security.
Secured Business Loan is provided for a fixed period of time, within which you need to repay the loan with agreed interest to reclaim your pledged asset. Because the loan is backed by collateral, the lenders tend to charge lower interest rates and provide the loan for a longer period of time compared to other business loan products. It is also considered less risky for the lender, as they can recover from potential losses in case of delinquent clients by taking possession of the asset.
What are the criteria for a secured business loan?
One of the most critical aspects of Secured Business Loan is the asset you pledge against the loan. The lender will assess whether the asset is valuable enough to cover the value of the loan in case of default. Apart from assessing the asset’s value, they will also evaluate the overall health of your business and in order to do so, they would seek certain documents as listed below:
- Complete details of any income generated by the asset
- Copies of documents confirming the asset’s sale and transfer to prove ownership
- Details of an existing loan over the asset, if any.
- Copies of registered documents if any, that certifies the valuation of the asset
- Copy of insurance policy on the asset
Advantages and disadvantages of secured business loans
|Lower interest rates||Needs a security or collateral|
|Longer repayment period||Early repayment fees|
|Higher loan amounts||Risk of losing your asset|
Line of Credit
A business line of credit is one where the lender grants access a amount to a business. However, no interest is incurred on the funds until they are tapped into. Unlike secured or unsecured loans, business line of credit can be utilized by the business when they choose to. The interest is paid only on the utilized funds and the balance funds are available for use later.
A business line of credit can be unsecured (without a collateral or security) or secured (typically, by inventory, receivables or other collateral) depending upon the health and wealth of your business. Lines of credit are often revolving and can be tapped into repeatedly.
The funds available with business line of credit is usually lower than other typical loans available to small businesses. Hence these funds are mostly used for immediate expenses like cash flow, working capital or for buying stock.
Typically, business lines of credit are more suited for businesses that have been for longer, have a higher credit score and a stable monthly turnover.
Does my business qualify for a business line of credit?
Any business that needs a continuous influx of funds qualifies for a business line of credit. Listed below are some scenarios to understand the qualification criteria better.
- Businesses that want flexible funding solutions
- Small businesses looking for quick funding options
- Businesses without any asset and collateral to avail secured loans
- Businesses with lower credit scores
Advantages and disadvantages of business line of credit
|Once approved, funds can be tapped into anytime||Chances of line of credit withdrawal at any time|
|Use only required funds from approved amount||Monthly interest repayment and additional fees applicable|
|Higher loan amounts||Risk of losing your asset|
Business loans in Australia are purely need based. As a small business owner, when you are looking to purchase a piece of equipment for your business, including vehicles, machinery or technology, you look for small business loans for the same. This type of finance is called equipment finance or asset finance.
The types of equipment finance differ with how you procure the equipment for your business. For example, you might want to hire the equipment for a particular period of time, in which case, the lender becomes the owner of the equipment. If you are buying the equipment with the short-term loan, the bank/lending organization uses the asset as a security or collateral.
How does equipment finance work?
Loan applied to purchase an equipment for the improvement or growth of business is referred to as equipment loan. It could be anything that helps in the business, such as machinery, vehicle, computers etc. As it is applied for an equipment, the equipment becomes collateral or security in this case. The payment would include interest and principal over a fixed term, failure to pay the same could result in repossession of the equipment or any other asset kept as security by the lender.
Advantages and disadvantages of equipment finance
|Lesser documentation to secure funds||Higher interest rates than other loans|
|Equipment purchased can be used as security for loan||Cannot resell equipment till loan closure as the asset is owned by lender|
|Loan can be secured even if you have outstanding debt||Early repayment fees applicable during the loan tenure|
Of the various short-term loans available with banks and lenders, invoice finance is a kind in which businesses use their invoices to unlock cash thereby speeding up cashflow. They do this by selling their invoices to a third party in exchange for some advance cash the invoice is worth.
It is a way for small businesses to take a loan against the amount due from their customers. Not only does it help improve your cash flow, pay your employees and suppliers, it can also be reinvested in operations earlier, rather than waiting for the customers to pay their dues.
Who can benefit from an invoice finance?
Invoice financing can benefit small, large and seasonal businesses alike. Small businesses face money crunch due to late payments by clients or customers and invoice financing can bail them out of such tricky situations and ensure they get paid on time. Large businesses use invoice financing as a cash flow tool to remain unaffected by late payments and ensure smooth operations. Though cash flow is important for all kinds of businesses, it is particularly true for seasonal businesses wherein invoice financing can help their payments flowing even during seasonal lulls.
Advantages and disadvantages of invoice finance
|Cash available against pending invoices||Higher interest rates than other loans|
|Reduced risk of unpaid invoices||Reduced value of invoices|
|Quick access to funds||Non repayment by client can affect credit score|
What can I use a small business loan for?
A small business loan can be used for any business purpose. Generally, lenders would be interested to ascertain the reason for the loan so that they know it’s used for business purposes only. However, it’s perfectly fine if you want to use the funds for multiple business purposes. Listed below are some of the common reasons funds are secured.
Want to see how other small businesses are using funds to grow their business? Read some of the Success Stories shared by our customers.
How to choose the right lender for my small business?
Once you have decided to go for a small business loan, the critical question arises – Which is the right loan for my business?
Small businesses often struggle to identify a lender for their business needs. With each lender having a different criteria on the loan amount, terms and interest rates, it is confusing for businesses to identify a lender that will suit their business loan requirements. Here are a few factors that can help you identify the right lender for your business loan needs.
1. Reputation of the lender
Are you seeking the loan from a reputed lender? Are they transparent in their transactions and approach? Do they clearly state the terms and conditions to you before your loan is processed? Are there any hidden charges? These are probably some of the factors you must consider while ensuring you are dealing with a reputed lender to secure your loan.
2. Does the lender cater to your industry?
Each lender has a different appetite for risk and caters to different industries based on that. Hence, it’s quite possible that the lender you approach might not have your industry on the top of its list. It is important that you identify a lender that caters to the business you are in. This will considerably reduce the chances of rejection.
3. Compare lenders and loan terms
Once you have identified a couple of lenders you want to apply with, do a bit of background work on what they offer, their rates and terms. This will help you decide the various factors that matter to you and evaluate which is a better suited lender for that particular loan requirement.
A reliable way to compare loans is to compare the annual percentage rate (APR). APR is expressed as a percentage that represents the actual yearly cost of funds over the term of a loan. This includes any fees or additional costs associated with the transaction but does not take compounding into account.
4. Apply through a loan intermediary
If you are unsure which lender will be ideal for your loan need, it is advisable to look at business loan brokers or intermediaries to find the right lender for your needs. When you do this, make sure you get to speak to an expert at the firm to understand how they can add value to your loan process.
At Capital Boost, we speak to all our clients in great detail to understand their business loan needs and then match them to a lender. Our knowledge of the different lenders’ criteria along with our understanding of our clients’ business helps us match our clients to the best fit lender. This helps us deliver exceptional value and outcome for our clients.
Top 12 reasons your business loan can get rejected and tips to overcome it.
Of all the small businesses that apply for a loan in Australia, only 50% of them manage to secure funds to run their business. There are various factors that contribute to rejection of loans for the balance 50% of small businesses. Listed below are some of the common reasons why small businesses fail to secure loans.
If your loan application too has been rejected, identify the root cause for the rejection and take correct actions to ensure that you secure the loan your business needs.
1. Your business is relatively new
This is one of the main reasons why most new businesses and start-ups fail to secure a loan for their business. Most lenders require you to be in business for a minimum of 6 months with a steady turnover. Since the loans are mostly unsecured, the risk is considerably higher for the lender if your business is not stable.
Tip: There is nothing much you can do here other than wait for your business to meet the minimum threshold criteria. Alternately, if you are desperate for funds to get your business going, look for smaller amounts from family and well-wishers to invest in your company instead.
2. Your business is not registered in Australia
Most lenders require your business to be registered in Australia with a valid ABN/ACN. This is one of the minimum criteria for your loan application to be considered.
Tip: If you are looking to apply for a business loan, then ensure that your business has an active ABN for over 6 months. If not, you might have to wait till you satisfy this criterion.
3. Credit history
A relatively poor credit score can be a key reason why your business loan gets rejected. Different lenders have varying appetite for risk and hence this could vary from lender to lender.
Tip: If you have a poor credit history, ensure that you work towards improving it before you apply for a loan. Also, you should approach lenders who have a bigger appetite for risk and are willing to fund your application despite a relatively poor credit score. Of course, your repayment amount might be higher in such cases since the lender has a higher risk.
4. Revenue of the company
Most lenders need you to have an average minimum turnover of $5000 per month for them to process your loan application. This is to ensure that you have adequate cash flow to be able to sustain your business and loan repayment.
Tip: Most lenders will look at your bank statements to ascertain your company’s turnover. If you have a cash component to your business, then ensure you file your BAS and submit the statements along with your bank statement to secure your loan.
5. Previous loan payment defaults
Defaults in loan repayment – either paid or unpaid can hamper your prospects for future loans and could also affect your credit score adversely.
Tip: Ensure that you do not default on your repayments and secure only funds that you can utilise effectively to drive more revenue for your business. If you have any pending defaults, repay those and work on improving your credit history before you apply for a fresh loan.
6. Existing loans
Most small business loan lenders will fund you up to a maximum of 100% of your monthly turnover. So, if you already have existing loans, it’s unlikely that you will be able to secure a fresh loan exceeding your monthly turnover.
Tip: If you have already exhausted your business loan limit, you could look at secured business loans or a personal loan to secure additional funds for your business.
7. Lack of collateral/security
Secured business loans are often preferred by small businesses since these attract lesser rates of interest. However, if you do not have adequate security or collateral, lenders often reject the loan application.
Tip: Go for an unsecured business loan when you do not have or want to pledge an asset or collateral against the loan. The interest rates are higher for an unsecured loan, but then the risk is also minimal.
8. Lack of a business plan
When applying for a business loan, you need to convince the lender the purpose of the loan and how you intend to utilise the funds. Since these loans are meant for business purpose, it is important for the lender to know how you plan to utilise the loan amount in a meaningful way to meet your business objectives.
Tip: Identify your purpose of the loan and be transparent with the lender on the purpose of the funds and how you will use the funds to grow your business. This could be for cash flow, purchasing stock or equipment, marketing, hiring new staff or any other related business purpose.
9. Your industry is considered ‘risky’ by lenders
If you are in a high investment or low margin business, some lenders are apprehensive of approving loans. This is often because of past experience with clients from similar industries or businesses. While this is not a reflection of your business or repayment capability, it could often lead to your business not securing a loan.
Tip: Identify lenders who cater to your industry. Speak to peers within your industry or to a business loan broker to identify lenders whom you can approach for your business loan.
10. Incomplete or insufficient paperwork
The paperwork required to secure a small business loan is considerably lesser compared to securing a loan from a tradition bank. However, if you don’t have the adequate paperwork that can help lenders evaluate your business and repayment capability, it is difficult for them to approve your loan. Hence, have your documents and paperwork in place before you apply for a small business loan.
Tip: In most cases, lenders seek your latest bank statements, business activity statement (BAS), driving license and similar documents. Keep these handy so that you can go through the approval process faster.
11. The loan type is not suited to your business
There are various types of small business loans. You might or might not qualify for a loan based on the type of the loan and your business. It is important that you understand the loan details before you apply for the right one.
Tip: Read about the various types of loans and understand which one best suits your requirement. Alternately, apply for a loan with us and one of our lending specialists will get in touch with you to understand your requirements and find the right lender for your loan requirement.
12. You have not approached the right lender
Different lenders have different criteria for approving loans. This could be with respect to turnover, industry, loan amount, interest rates, etc. It is important that you reach out to the right lender for your loan. Else you might face rejection on your application and lose time and money both in the process.
Tip: This is where you can take the help of an intermediary like Capital Boost. Having partnered with all leading lenders in Australia, we understand their criteria and terms and based on your business, will match you to a lender that best suits your requirements.
Frequently Asked Questions
Here are the top 10 frequently asked questions with respect to small business loans.
A small business loan, as the name suggests is a loan that is available to small businesses that are looking for funds to manage and grow their business. The loan is available for a predefined period of time and the repayment of the loan amount and interest is done in a systematic repayment method (weekly, fortnightly or monthly) till the amount is fully paid up.
Australian businesses with an active ABN, over 6 months in business and a monthly turnover above $5000 are eligible for an unsecured business loan. The loan amount, repayment period and interest rates will depend on various factors, but if you fulfil the above criteria, you can apply for an unsecured business loan. To know more about unsecured business loans, visit the link.
Unsecured small business loans are available from $5000 all the way up to a maximum of $500,000 depending on the lender. The amount you can borrow will depend on the turnover and health of your business. As a thumb rule, you can borrow up to a maximum amount equivalent to 100% of your monthly turnover in unsecured business funds, provided you fulfil all the requisites. In case of secured loans, the amount can go up to $2M against a collateral.
Once you have identified a lender, you can visit their loan application section and apply for a loan within minutes. Once they ascertain the requirement, a lending specialist will get in touch with you to process the loan application. If you are unsure about which lender is right for your business loan, then you can apply with us on www.capitalboost.com.au and we will help you with your small business loan need. Our smart indicators will show you the loan eligibility and indicative repayment terms.
Unsecured business loans are preferred by small businesses because they are available to you in as little as 24 hours up to a couple of days. If your documents are in order, the lenders can process the loan in a matter of a few hours.
Up to $150K, most non-bank lenders only required your bank statements for 6 months and a copy of the driving license of the business owner. A business activity statement (BAS) might also be required by select lenders to process your loan. Depending upon the loan amount and your turnover, we will let you know about the documents you need to submit during our discussion with you.
Since most small businesses prefer an unsecured business loan, it is important for the lender to understand how your business is doing before they can give you the loan amount without any collateral or security. The bank statement is often a correct representation of the health of your business and gives the lender confidence that your average turnover and income is sufficient to help you repay the loan amount. Since there is a lot of risk involved for fintech lenders in disbursing the loan amount, they would ideally want to ascertain your repayment capability before they give you the funds.
It is important that you repay your business loans on time to ensure a healthy credit score. Your credit history is an important aspect that will be considered by all banks and fintech lenders when deciding to approve your loan. If you have previous paid or unpaid defaults, it could adversely affect your credit score and hence lead to rejection of your loan application.
While most fintech lenders will not approve your loan if your credit score is bad, it is possible that some lenders with a higher appetite for risk might actually approve your loan application. However, it is important that you are able to convince them that your previous defaults were not intentional, and you have a plan in place for your repayment. Since the lenders take considerable risk, it is highly probable that the interest rates associated with loans against bad credit are high too.
Each non-bank lender has a different criterion on who they can lend money to, how much they can lend, different payment terms and interest rates. Our understanding of various lenders and their criteria helps us match your requirement to the right lender to secure the loan faster and at better rates. We talk to you to understand your requirements better before matching your requirements to the right lenders only. This saves you time and helps keep your credit score intact. While you continue to focus on your business, our lending specialists will secure the right loan for you.
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